Monday, July 30, 2007

Green turtle fact sheet

Chelonia mydas  Green turtle 


Green turtles are the second largest sea turtle species, after leatherback turtles. Their name comes from the green colour of the fat beneath of their shell. She can grow  up to 1.66 m in length and weigh up to 200 kg. Unlike the Kemp’s ridley sea turtle, the muzzle is very short and the beak is not hooked. Green turtles have a serrated jaw which facilitates feeding (they are principally herbivorous).Green turtles reach sexual maturity after 20 to 50 years and live up to 80 years. Like other turtles they migrate long distances between feeding areas and incubation beaches. Mature females and males arrive at intervals of two years to make their nests on the same beaches on which they were born. This occurs between June and September. are usually found in coastal waters with much vegetation, such as Islands and sheltered bays. Overall distribution is throughout tropical and subtropical seas, with two distinct populations; one in the Atlantic Ocean and one in the Pacific Ocean. In the Azores, their incidence is occasional.


Length
• Total: Up to 120 cm
• Carapace: 71 - 139 cm

Weight: 150 kg


Global population: c.60,000 


Status: Endangered


Diet: The green turtle is herbivorous and feeds on seaweed and macroalgae (CaulerpaTurbinariaSpyridiaCodium and Ulva)


Longevity: 80 years

Breeding age20 - 50 years


Number of eggs38 - 195 eggs


Incubation45 - 60 days

In other languages

Portuguese: Tartaruga verde
Spanish: Tortuga verde
French: Tortue verte
Italian: Tartaruga verde
German: Suppenschildkröte
Dutch: Soepschildpad
Swedish: Grön havssköldspadda
Norwegian: Suppeskilpadde
Danish: Suppeskildpadde/ Grüne Meeresschildkröte
Finnish: Liemikilpikonna
Polish: Żółw zielonyżółw jadalny


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